Author

Dirk Baron

Date

April 1996

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Ph.D.

Department

Dept. of Environmental Science and Engineering

Institution

Oregon Graduate Institute of Science & Technology

Abstract

Chromate-containing precipitates can affect the mobility of toxic Cr(VI) in the subsurface, control its concentration in groundwater, limit its bioavailability, and impede remediation of chromium contaminated sites. This dissertation focuses on two iron-chromate precipitates, KFe [subscript 3](CrO4)[subscript 2](OH)[subscript 6] (the chromate analog of the sulfate mineral jarosite) and KFe(CrO4)[subscript 2].2H2O, that we identified in a soil contaminated by chrome plating solutions. The precipitates were identified using scanning and transmission electron microscopy, as well as powder x-ray diffraction. KFe[subscript 3](CrO4)[subscript 2](OH)[subscript 6] occurs as small (2-5 um) crystals interspersed within the bulk soil. KFe(CrO4)[subscript 2].2H2O forms crusts of larger crystals (10-50 um) in cracks and fractures of the soil.

Identifier

doi:10.6083/M4HH6H04

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