Journal of Experimental Medicine, 1911, v.14, pp. 244
Carrel domonstrated the potential immortality of mammalian tissue. He was able to keep excised viscera of an animal alive and functioning physiologically in vitro.
Morton no.: 560
Carrel, Alexis and Burrows, Montrose Thomas, "Cultivation of tissues in vitro and its technique." (1911). Classic Article Collection. 134.