Dept. of Dietetics and Nutrition
Oregon Health & Science University
Food security is defined as steady access to sufficient nutritious foods to lead an active and healthy life. Food insecurity exists whenever the availability of nutritionally adequate and safe food or the ability to acquire acceptable foods in socially acceptable ways is limited or uncertain.While the prevalence and impact of household food insecurity is beginning to be assessed with adults and children, the prevalence and effect on pregnancy has not been fully explored. In women, food insecurity has been associated with obesity and decreased dietary intake of key macronutrients and micronutrients. In pregnant women it has been well documented that poor nutrition and inappropriate weight gain during pregnancy affects the health of the fetus and mother. Birth weight is a major determinant of mortality, morbidity and disability in infancy and childhood. The relationship between food insecurity during pregnancy and birth weight has not been examined. The goal of this study was to determin
School of Medicine
Van Mieghem, Erica Catherine, "Food insecurity during pregnancy and its relation to birth weight" (2008). Scholar Archive. 578.