Dept. of Public Health and Preventive Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University
Objective: This study investigates whether older adults have increased odds of self-reported depression in the presence of self-reported pain and whether these odds of depression differ for males and females. Methods: A historical cohort survey using 75,015 Medicare managed care enrollees who responded to the Health Outcomes Survey. Enrollees who reported pain at baseline and at follow-up two years later were compared to enrollees who reported no pain at both time points. All enrollees were assessed for positive depression screens at follow-up. Results: There are increased odds of self-reported depression for both males and females who self-report pain, even after controlling for age, race, education, smoking, cancer treatment, and SF-36 mental and physical health domains. Males are 93 percent more likely to report depression in the presence of pain than in the absence (OR 1.93, 95% CI: 2.0-2.0), while females are 59 percent more likely to report depression in the presence of pain than
School of Medicine
Johnson, Nathan A., "Prevalence and factors associated with the presence of depression among older adults who report pain : findings from the Medical Health Outcomes Survery" (2011). Scholar Archive. 656.