May 2011

Document Type


Degree Name



Dept. of Public Health and Preventive Medicine


Oregon Health & Science University


Reported associations of condom use for male human papillomavirus infection have been inconsistent. We investigated the association between self-reported frequency of condom use and detection of genital HPV among men in a multinational cohort. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted in men aged 18-70 from Mexico, Brazil and the US. Men answered questionnaires on sexual history, condom use and sociodemographic characteristics. Among 2,261 men reporting recent vaginal sex, the proportion of men with any HPV, any oncogenic and nononcogenic type only, were calculated by frequency of condom use (5 categories, from “always” to “never”). Prevalence ratios were used to examine the associations between "always" vs not always using condoms and HPV detection. A multivariable model was used to adjust for confounders. Effect modification by country was evaluated. The proportion of men with any HPV was 70.6%, with any oncogenic was 34%, only nononcogenic was 32% and multiple types was 22%. For any




School of Medicine



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