Dept. of Behavioral Neuroscience
Oregon Health & Science University
Exposure to radiation can lead to deficits in cognitive function, including impairments in hippocampal-dependent learning and memory. However, not all individuals exposed to irradiation develop cognitive impairments, suggesting the involvement of genetic risk factors. Apolipoprotein E (apoE), a protein important for neuronal repair, might influence susceptibility to developing radiation-induced cognitive impairments. Humans express three major apoE isoforms, apoE2, apoE3 and apoE4. Compared to apoE3, apoE4 increases the risk to develop Alzheimer's disease while apoE2 decreases this risk. ApoE4 is also associated with cognitive deficits following neurotrauma. Moreover, deficiency of apolipoprotein E (apoE) in mice worsens cognitive impairments following irradiation. There might also be sex differences in the risk for developing radiation-induced cognitive impairments. In both humans and rodents, females are more susceptible to the effects of irradiation on cognition than males. The neur
School of Medicine
Villasana, Laura E., "The role of apolipoprotein E isoform and reactive oxygen species on the cogntitive function of female mice followng cranial irradiation" (2011). Scholar Archive. 694.
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