Document Type



Oregon Health & Science University


Dr. Pauly served on the faculty of University of Oregon Medical School's Department of Psychiatry from 1962-1974. In the early 1960s, through what he described as a "soul-searching" process, he joined a handful of psychiatrists who supported sex reassignment surgery for "transsexuals." In the 1960s-1970s, he collaborated with noted endocrinologist and sexologist Harry Benjamin, and published influential studies on human sexuality, particularly on transgender men and sex reassignment surgery. Dr. Pauly when on to become Professor Emeritus of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at University of Nevada's School of Medicine, and a supporter of the LGBT community. Here, Pauly discusses his education and upbringing; his early experience with transgender patients, which led to a meeting with Harry Benjamin, who became a mentor; the evolution of his approach to transgender patients; and his time at OHSU. He also provides an in-depth discussion of his important 1965 article, which was the first aggregation of case studies of male-to-female transgender patients.


Transcript of oral history interview with Ira B. Pauly, M.D., conducted on February 18, 2015 by Maija Anderson


OHSU Oral History Project




School of Medicine


CC BY 4.0 (

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.