This paper reviews the basics of Goldratt's Theory of Constraints (TOC), followed by a discussion of how they have been adapted for project management (PM). Some of the benefits and flaws of this management method are described, followed by a literature review of known applications to healthcare organizations, which concludes with a summary of healthcare-specific observations. Note: Project management based on the Theory of Constraints is described variously as Critical Chain Project Management (CCPM), Critical Chain / Buffer Management (CC/BM), Critical Chain Scheduling/ Buffer Management (CCS/BM), TOC-PM, and many others. This review uses “CCPM” throughout.

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theory of constraints, operations management, project management, critical chain

Rights Statement

This open access article is distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license.





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